patterns of domestication in the ethiopian oil seed crop noug

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Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop

Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) is a semidomesticated oil-seed crop, which is primarily cultivated in Ethiopia.Unlike its closest crop relative, sunflower, noug has small seeds, small flowering heads, many branches, many flowering heads, and indeterminate flowering, and it shatters in the field.

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Patterns of Domestication in the Ethiopian Oil-seed Crop

Patterns of Domestication in the Ethiopian Oil-seed Crop Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) Article (PDF Available) in Evolutionary Applications 8(5) · March 2015 with 164 Reads DOI: 10.1111/eva.12256

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Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop

Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) is a semidomesticated oil-seed crop, which is primarily cultivated in Ethiopia. Unlike its closest crop relative, sunflower, noug has small seeds, small flowering heads, many branches, many flowering heads, and indeterminate flowering, and it shatters in the field. Here, we conducted common garden studies and microsatellite analyses of genetic variation to test

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What is Noug? Underutilized Species

it contributes up to 50% of the Ethiopian oil-seed crop. Noug belongs to the Compositae family and is closely related to sunflower. It differs from domesticated sunflower mainly due to its high level of branching, numerous flower heads and small seeds. The oil content of noug seed

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guizotia abyssinica seed oil The Good Scents Company

PubMed:Assessment of feed resources, feeding practices and coping strategies to feed scarcity by smallholder urban dairy producers in Jimma town, Ethiopia. PubMed:Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). PubMed:Defining weaning age of camel calves in Eastern Ethiopia.

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Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) project botany.ubc.ca

Nougin Ethiopia and ElsewhereResearch Project OnnougNeglectedand Underutilized SpeciesEthiopia is well known as centre of diversity forseveralcrops, including teff, enset and Ethiopian mustard. As a result, it has been suggested as Africa’s independent origin ofdomestication.Noug diversity is greatest in Ethiopia and Eritreaand local farmers are able to distinguish many different land-races.The process of Noug domestication is incomplete, probably due tofrequent interbreeding with its co-occurring wild relatives.Apart from Africa (Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda,Democratic Republic of...
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Taxonomy GRIN-Global Web v 1.10.5.0

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Ecol. Applic. 8:464-475. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen ; Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). FNA Editorial Committee

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Online searchable catalogue of scientific publications

Online searchable database of publications including scientific publications, factsheets, policy briefs, scientific posters

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Patterns of domestication in the Compositae and beyond

We then report on the establishment of genomic tools and resources in the form of a library of expressed sequence tags, a set of microsatellite loci, and the full sequence of the chloroplast genome for one particular domesticated species in the Compositae, the oil-seed crop Noug

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Ethiopian Sesame and Oilseeds epospeaeth.org

Sesame and Niger seed dominate largely the oil seeds category. Niger seed is oil crop of Ethiopian origin like coffee. Ethiopian Sesame Seeds (Types & Qualities) Among the oil crops of Ethiopia, sesame seed commands a leading position because it is highly adapted to arid & semiarid low land environment and yields well. Types of Ethiopian Sesame

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Taxonomy GRIN-Global Web v 1.10.5.0

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Ecol. Applic. 8:464-475. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen ; Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). FNA Editorial Committee

get price

What is Noug? Underutilized Species

it contributes up to 50% of the Ethiopian oil-seed crop. Noug belongs to the Compositae family and is closely related to sunflower. It differs from domesticated sunflower mainly due to its high level of branching, numerous flower heads and small seeds. The oil content of noug seed

get price

guizotia abyssinica seed oil The Good Scents Company

PubMed:Assessment of feed resources, feeding practices and coping strategies to feed scarcity by smallholder urban dairy producers in Jimma town, Ethiopia. PubMed:Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). PubMed:Defining weaning age of camel calves in Eastern Ethiopia.

get price

Online searchable catalogue of scientific publications

Online searchable database of publications including scientific publications, factsheets, policy briefs, scientific posters

get price

Patterns of domestication in the Compositae and beyond

We then report on the establishment of genomic tools and resources in the form of a library of expressed sequence tags, a set of microsatellite loci, and the full sequence of the chloroplast genome for one particular domesticated species in the Compositae, the oil-seed crop Noug

get price

Assessment of genetic diversity of Guizotia abyssinica (L

Seventeen populations of niger (Guizotia abyssinica), representing all regions in Ethiopia where this crop is grown, were investigated using the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique, in order to determine the extent and distribution of its genetic diversity.A total of 539 AFLP loci were scored using seven primer combinations applied to 170 individual plants.

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Endashaw Bekele College of Natural Sciences

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica)——-Evolutionary Applications ISSN 1752-4571 . HANNES DEMPEWOLF, NOLAN C. KANE, KATHERINE L. OSTEVIK, MULATU GELETA,† MICHAEL S. BARKER,ZHAO LAI,§ MEGAN L. STEWART, ENDASHAW BEKELE, JOHANNES M. M. ENGELS, QUENTIN C. B. CRON and LOREN H. RIESEBERG 2010.

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Publications University of New England (UNE)

The University of New England respects and acknowledges that its people, programs and facilities are built on land, and surrounded by a sense of belonging, both ancient and contemporary, of the world's oldest living culture.

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Guizotia abyssinica Botany Photo of the Day

Mar 08, 2008· The oil content of noug seed varies from 30 to 50%. The fatty acid composition is typical for seed oils of the Compositae family with linoleic acid being the dominant component. Ethiopia is well known as centre of diversity for several crops, including teff, enset and Ethiopian mustard.

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Endashaw Bekele ResearchGate

Endashaw Bekele of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa AAU with expertise in Genetics. Read 172 publications, and contact Endashaw Bekele on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.

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Identifying genomic regions under selection during the

range in Ethiopia (Hiremath and Murthy 1987). Noug is a unique crop because it does not display the strong signs of artificial selection and looks similar to its progenitor (Dempewolf et al 2008). It does not display the typical domestication syndrome traits of apical dominance, non-shattering seed and self-compatibility (Funk et al 2009).

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Crop Science Abstract GENOMICS, MOLECULAR GENETICS

Jan 04, 2005· Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) Evolutionary Applications 2015 8:5 Sunflower 2015 Phenotypic relationships among oil, protein, fatty acid composition and seed size traits in Cucurbita pepo

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SEED FILLING AND OIL ACCUMULATION IN NOUG GUIZOTIA

SEED FILLING AND OIL ACCUMULATION IN NOUG [GUIZOTIA ABYSSINICA (L.F.) CASS.] Adefris Teklewold and Adugna Wakjira Holetta Research Centre, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. E-mail: adechere@yahoo ABSTRACT: A field experiment was carried out to study the pattern, rate and duration of seed dry

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Crop Science Abstract Genetic Control of the

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) Evolutionary Applications 2015 8:5 Selective microenvironmental effects play a role in shaping genetic diversity and structure in a Phaseolus vulgaris L. landrace: implications

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Crop Science Abstract GENOMICS, MOLECULAR GENETICS

Jan 04, 2005· Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) Evolutionary Applications 2015 8:5 Sunflower 2015 Phenotypic relationships among oil, protein, fatty acid composition and seed size traits in Cucurbita pepo

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SEED FILLING AND OIL ACCUMULATION IN NOUG GUIZOTIA

SEED FILLING AND OIL ACCUMULATION IN NOUG [GUIZOTIA ABYSSINICA (L.F.) CASS.] Adefris Teklewold and Adugna Wakjira Holetta Research Centre, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. E-mail: adechere@yahoo ABSTRACT: A field experiment was carried out to study the pattern, rate and duration of seed dry

get price

Crop Science Abstract Genetic Control of the

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) Evolutionary Applications 2015 8:5 Selective microenvironmental effects play a role in shaping genetic diversity and structure in a Phaseolus vulgaris L. landrace: implications

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Anne D. Bjorkman Google Scholar Citations

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil‐seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) H Dempewolf, M Tesfaye, A Teshome, AD Bjorkman, RL Andrew, Evolutionary applications 8 (5), 464-475, 2015. 2: 2015: Changes in the landscape and vegetation of southeastern Vancouver Island and Saltspring Island, Canada since European settlement.

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COMPOSITAE University of California, Davis

While not fully domesticated, and suffering from low yields and susceptibility to insect herbivores, it contributes up to 50% of the Ethiopian oil-seed crop. The oil content of noug seed varies from 30 to 50%. The fatty acid composition is typical for seed oils of the Compositae family with linoleic acid being the dominant component.

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misterutw Agriculture, Nutrition & Health Academy

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop Noug (Guizotia abyssinica), Journal of Evol. Adefris Teklewold, Bulcha Woyessa, Misteru Tesfaye and Adugna Wakjira (2012). Good Agricultural Practices for Production of Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Publications Molecular Ecology Lab

Patterns of Domestication in the Ethiopian Oil‐seed Crop Noug (Guizotia abyssinica).Evolutionary Applications 8:464–475. Vines TH, AYK Albert, RL Andrew, et al. (2014) The availability of research data declines with article age. Current Biology 24:94-97. Bock DG, RL Andrew, LH Rieseberg (2014). On the adaptive value of cytoplasmic genomes

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Identifying genomic regions under selection during the

range in Ethiopia (Hiremath and Murthy 1987). Noug is a unique crop because it does not display the strong signs of artificial selection and looks similar to its progenitor (Dempewolf et al 2008). It does not display the typical domestication syndrome traits of apical dominance, non-shattering seed and self-compatibility (Funk et al 2009).

get price

Guizotia abyssinica BPotD Archives being removed

Mar 08, 2008· The oil content of noug seed varies from 30 to 50%. The fatty acid composition is typical for seed oils of the Compositae family with linoleic acid being the dominant component. Ethiopia is well known as centre of diversity for several crops, including teff, enset and Ethiopian mustard.

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Alteration of flavonoid pigmentation patterns during

We present an overview of changes in flavonoid pigmentation patterns that have occurred during crop domestication and, where possible, link them to the molecular changes that brought about the new phenotypes. We consider species that lost flavonoid pigmentation in the edible part of the plant at some point during domestication (like cereals).

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Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an

Aug 13, 2012· Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an historical review and quantitative analysis of 203 global food crops such as fiber crops with oil seeds (e.g. cotton, flax, hemp). 2. Reproductive strategy. No changes to subterranean structures such as roots were observed in crops from Abyssinia (contemporary Ethiopia). Differences

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Evolution of Cuphea PSR23 under cultivation SpringerLink

Dempewolf H, Tesfaye M, Teshome A, Bjorkman AD, Andrew RL, Scascitelli M, Black S, Bekele E, Engels JMM, Cronk QCB, Rieseberg LH (2015) Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Evol Appl 8:464–475

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Arabidopsis defense against Botrytis cinerea: chronology

Oct 02, 2012· link A gold-containing drug against parasitic polyamine metabolism: the X-ray structure of trypanothione reductase from Leishmania infantum in complex with auranofin reveals a dual mechanism of enzyme inhibition link Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) link Acceptor Substrate Discrimination in

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Anne Bjorkman Academia.edu

These seeds were planted into experimentally warmed and control plots at Alexandra Fiord in 2011. We have tracked their survival, phenology, and growth over two growing seasons. Here, we will present the preliminary results of these experiments.

get price

Publications Molecular Ecology Lab

Patterns of Domestication in the Ethiopian Oil‐seed Crop Noug (Guizotia abyssinica).Evolutionary Applications 8:464–475. Vines TH, AYK Albert, RL Andrew, et al. (2014) The availability of research data declines with article age. Current Biology 24:94-97. Bock DG, RL Andrew, LH Rieseberg (2014). On the adaptive value of cytoplasmic genomes

get price

Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an

Aug 13, 2012· Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an historical review and quantitative analysis of 203 global food crops such as fiber crops with oil seeds (e.g. cotton, flax, hemp). 2. Reproductive strategy. No changes to subterranean structures such as roots were observed in crops from Abyssinia (contemporary Ethiopia). Differences

get price

Evolution of Cuphea PSR23 under cultivation SpringerLink

Dempewolf H, Tesfaye M, Teshome A, Bjorkman AD, Andrew RL, Scascitelli M, Black S, Bekele E, Engels JMM, Cronk QCB, Rieseberg LH (2015) Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Evol Appl 8:464–475

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Hannes Dempewolf Graduate School University of British

My PhD research focuses on the Ethiopian oil-seed crop Noug (English name: Niger; Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass.), which is closely related to sunflower. I am unravelling Noug's evolutionary history using a combination of genetic markers, genomic tools, and ethnobotanical information. This will allow me to draw conclusions about the levels and partitioning of genetic

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Effect of N, P and Farmyard Manure on Noug (Guizotia

Key words: chemical fertilizer, farmyard manure, noug, oil content, seed yield 1. Introduction Noug (Guizotia abyssinica Cass.) is an oilseed crop cultivated in Ethiopia and India. It is the earliest crop plants in Ethiopia ever brought to domestication (IAR, 1992). Noug in major production areas is used for human food and for edible oil

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Publications Authored by Quentin C Cronk PubFacts

Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Authors: Hannes Dempewolf Misteru Tesfaye Abel Teshome Anne D Bjorkman Rose L Andrew Moira Scascitelli Scott Black Endashaw Bekele Johannes M M Engels Quentin C B Cronk Loren H Rieseberg.

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Arabidopsis defense against Botrytis cinerea: chronology

Oct 02, 2012· link A gold-containing drug against parasitic polyamine metabolism: the X-ray structure of trypanothione reductase from Leishmania infantum in complex with auranofin reveals a dual mechanism of enzyme inhibition link Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) link Acceptor Substrate Discrimination in

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Compositdb: A Brief Overview of the Compositae

Self-incompatibility has been lost which enhances high seed yields and shattering has been eliminated to ensure the retention of seeds for harvesting. In ancient times, lettuce was also cultivated as an oil seed crop but this is not a current use. Bibliography. Anonymous (1995).

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Major Food Crops ethiopiaMDPdublin Google

Cash Crops Coffee and chat are Ethiopia’s major cash crops, with coffee cultivation in direct competition with chat, the second major agricultural export. Chat is a mild stimulant harvested from a shrub (Catha edulis), the fresh leaves of which are chewed, and popular in the arid regions of Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti, and Somalia.

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Anne Bjorkman Academia.edu

These seeds were planted into experimentally warmed and control plots at Alexandra Fiord in 2011. We have tracked their survival, phenology, and growth over two growing seasons. Here, we will present the preliminary results of these experiments.

get price

AP Human Geography Unit 7.1 Learning Targets Flashcards

Start studying AP Human Geography Unit 7.1 Learning Targets. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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Loren H. Rieseberg Publications

260 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! Patterns of domestication in the Ethiopian oil-seed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica). Crop domestication in the Compositae:

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CORRELATION AND PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS

Correlation and path coefficient analysis among seed yield traits and oil content in Ethiopian linseed Germplasm. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 4(4):08-16. Keeping in view the lack of information on genetic diversity in the Ethiopian linseed germplasm and need to

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Study on Genotype X Environment Interaction of Seed Yield

It is usually cultivated in higher elevations where frost is a threat for other oil seed crops. It is a major oil seed and second most important oil crop after noug seed (Guizotia abyssinica Cass.) in Ethiopia. The crop performs best in altitudes ranging from 2200-2800 masl; but it is also found in areas as low as 1200 masl and as high as 3420

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